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  • What is westren flower thrips?
      Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) is an important pest insect in agriculture. This species of thrips is native to the Southwestern United States but has spread to other contries, including Europe, Australia, and South America via transport of infested plant material. Thrips are small, slender insects, with four long, narrow wings fringed with hairs. It feeds on a number of plants and occasionally damages tree fruit. Thrips rasp the surface of the fruit as they feed, and their feeding weakens flowers and fruit stems. Females puncture the fruit ... more

  • What is fire retardant paint?
      Fire retardant paint helps that fire does not spread in case of fire in a building. Therefore, it is one of the most efficient measures to preventfire spreading rapidly, as it contributes flame and smoke not to spread. Fire-retardant paint is essential especially when it comes to residential buildings, since containing fire allows people inside the building to have more time to leave it.  It is important to differentiate fire retardant paint from intumescent paint. The first one avoids the spread of the flame, while the second one reacts when there is an increase in ... more

  • Mineral plaster
    Mineral plaster used  as interior and exterior walls of the buildings, that exposed concrete, and for dry walls, to use mineral plaster of any surface. The surfaces should be dry and free from any moisture. The material shall be stirred in a separate container before application so that it is fluid by using speicial mixing apparatus. The material should be applied from top of the surface downwards. Overlapping of the material shall be prevented using tape so that no linking point is formed. The material is applied and polished using steel trowel. White undercoat shall be used for ... more

  • What is red spiders
    Red spider, called spider mite, any of the plant-feeding mites of the family Tetranychidae. Red spiders are a common pest on houseplants and agriculturally important plants. The life cycle of the red spider from egg to adult takes about three weeks. Adult mites measure about 0.5 mm  in length. Contrary to what their name suggests, all species are not red in colour; some are green, yellow, or orange. The mites are sometimes mistaken for small spiders because of their habit of spinning a loose silk webbing on infested plants. A heavy infestation can cause complete ... more

  • Humic acid
    Humic acids are the result of a severe chemical extraction from the soil organic matter, and recently their natural existence was jeopardized, since it is a product of the chemical procedure. By definition, humic acids are the organic substances extracted from soil that coagulate when the strong-base extract is acidified while fulvic acids are the organic substances that remain soluble when the strong-base extract is acidified. Humic acids and their conjugate bases, humates, are defined as a group of organic acids and a principal component of humic ... more

  • car polishing formulas
    Car polishing wax is used before you apply the wax coat. It is used to remove grease, dirt, scrapes, and scratches that cannot be removed from washing. This is a type of car wax prep and car detailing product. There are many  types of natural wax. The types and kinds of these waxes vary from vegetable wax to animal wax. These natural waxes have certain particular traits which make them appropriate for car waxes. At this point, carnauba wax is the most popular one in the automobile industry.  Car polishing wax  can be made easily using ... more

  • What is motor oil?
    Motor oil, engine oil, or engine lubricant is any of substances formulated from base oils and additives, such as antiwear additives, detergents, dispersants, TBN impeovers and, for multi-grade oils viscosity index improvers. In addition to that, almost all lubricating oils contain corrosion and oxidation inhibitors. Motor oil is used for lubrication of internal combustion engines. The main function of motor oil is to reduce friction and wear on moving parts and to clean the engine from sludge and varnish. It ... more

  • What is stpp?
    Sodium triphosphate (STP), also sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP), or tripolyphosphate (TPP), is an inorganic compound with formula Na5P3O10. It is the sodium salt of the polyphosphate penta-anion, which is the conjugate base of triphosphoric acid. It is produced on a large scale as a component of many domestic and industrial products, especially detergents. Environmental problems associated with eutrophication are attributed to its widespread use. Stpp uses: In detergents: The majority of STPP is consumed as a ... more

  • What is nematoda?
    Nematode, also called roundworm, any worm of the phylum Nematoda. Nematodes are among the most abundant animals on Earth. They occur as parasites in animals and plants or as free-living forms in soil, fresh water, marine environments, and even such unusual places as vinegar, beer malts, and water-filled cracks deep within Earth’s crust. The number of named species is about 20,000, but it is probable that only a small proportion of the free-living forms have been identified. A great deal of research has been conducted on ... more

  • what is clorox?
    Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaOCl or NaClO, comprising a sodium cation (Na+) and a hypochloriteanion . It may also be viewed as the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. Sodium hypochlorite is most often encountered as a pale greenish-yellow dilute solution commonly known as liquid bleach or simply bleach, a household chemical widely used (since the 18th century) as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent. The anhydrous compound is unstable and may ... more

  • Acrylic paint
    Acrylic paint is  water based plastic paint used for outdoors and indoor painting. Acrylic paint used to paint walls and cielings. This type of paint is most widely used pait and its the most econmomic paint. Acrylic paints can be made using special chemicals and fillers.  Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion. Acrylic paints are water-soluble, but become water-resistant when dry. Depending on how much the paint is diluted with water, or modified with acrylic gels, mediums, or ... more

  • what is rapid hardening cement?
    Rapid hardening cement is similar to ordinary Portland cement but with higher tri-calcium silicate (C3S) content and finer grinding. It gains strength more quickly than OPC, though the final strength is only slightly higher. This type of cement is also called as High-Early Strength Portland Cement. The one-day strength of this cement is equal to the three-day strength of OPC with the same water-cement ratio. Rapid Hardening Portland Cement (RHPC) is a special purpose cement used in concrete to achieve a higher rate of early strength development, compared to using Normal Cement. The ... more

  • primer coat | undercoat | paint primer
    A primer or undercoat is a preparatory coating put on materials before painting. Priming ensures better adhesion of paint to the surface, increases paint durability, and provides additional protection for the material being painted,  primer consists of 20%-30% synthetic resin, 60%-80% solvent and 2%-5% additive agent. Primer paint used for painting all kind of metal and prevent metal surface from oxides. Primer is a paint product that allows finishing paint to adhere much better than if it were used alone. For this purpose, primer is ... more

  • Wًhat is anti-foaming agent?
      A defoamer or an anti-foaming agent is a chemical additive that reduces and hinders the formation of foam in industrial process liquids. The terms anti-foam agent and defoamer are often used interchangeably. Commonly used agents are insoluble oils, polydimethylsiloxanes and other silicones, certain alcohols, stearates and glycols. The additive is used to prevent formation of foam or is added to break a foam already formed. In industrial processes, foams pose serious problems. They cause defects on surface coatings and prevent the efficient ... more

  • liquid extender and sticker and spreader
    Fluid extender and spreader is  a water dispersible, nonionic spreader-sticker adjuvant that is formulated to improve the efficiency of a variety of pesticides by increasing droplet spreading and adhesion onto leaf surfaces and enhances efficacy of herbicide, insecticide and fungicide spray applications. This liquid work by reducing water surface tension to increase coverage while forming a protective film to adhere active ingredients to the plant surface and  improves spray droplet deposition and suppresses off-target drift by producing a more uniform droplet spray pattern. The ... more

  • Sulfonic acid
    Sulfonic acid (LABSA) is a liner benzyl sulfonic acid refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(=O)2−OH, where R is an organic alkyl or aryl group and the S(=O)2−OH group asulfonyl hydroxide.  The parent compound (with the organic substituent replaced by hydrogen) is the hypothetical compound sulfurous acid. salts or esters of sulfonic acids are called sulfonates. sulfonic acide use in following: Detergents and surfactants: Detergents and surfactants are ... more

  • Liquid NPK fertilizers
    NPK fertilizer is a complex fertilizer comprised primarily of the three primary nutrients required for healthy plant growth. The agriculture industry relies heavily on the use of NPK fertilizer to meet global food supply and ensure healthy crops. NPK fertilizer Components: There are numerous building blocks of life that plants need for healthy and  growth. Without these nutrients, plants cannot grow to their full potential, will provide lower yields, and be more susceptible to disease. The three most important nutrients, without any one of which plants could not survive, are ... more

  • what is saline corrector?
    Soil salinity is the salt content in soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization. Salts occur naturally within soils and water. Salination can be caused by natural processes such as mineral weathering or by the gradual withdrawal of an ocean. It can also come about through artificial processes.Salinity problems occur when soluble salts, from irrigation in productive soils, are concentrated, which is called secondary salinization. This phenomenon affects humanity since the beginning of agriculture, and there are historical ... more

  • What is soil ph regulators?
    PH regulators or soil acidifers contains minerals that can be used to correct the problem of alkaline soil. Lowers the pH of soils for optimum growth of acid-loving plants. Provides fast acting and long lasting source of sulfur. Soil acidifiers contain compounds that will reduce soil pH. This will result in increased uptake of nutrients that are more available under acid conditions. Manganese and iron are the two most common elements unavailable to plants grown in alkaline soil. If all you want to do is adjust the pH without adding fertilizer your best choices ... more

  • What is hair conditioner?
    Hair conditioner is a hair care product used to improve the feel, appearance and manageability of hair. Its main purpose is to reduce friction between strands of hair to allow easier brushing or combing, which might otherwise cause damage. Various other benefits are often advertised, such as hair repair, strengthening, or a reduction in split-ends. Conditioners are available in a wide range of forms including viscous liquids, gels and creams as well as thinner lotions and sprays. Hair conditioner is usually used after the hair has been washed with shampoo. It is ... more

  • What is fuel injector cleaner?
    Fuel injector cleaner is used to clean out all of the dirt, debris and build up in your fuel system. A clogged fuel system can damage other engine parts, which can quickly lead to deteriorated performance, fuel economy, and a complete engine shutdown if not regularly maintained. Inside every engine you'll find a fuel system that consists of a fuel filter, fuel pump, and fuel injectors. These three critical components work together to make sure that fuel travels from the fuel tank, to your engine's fuel injectors, and atomizes perfectly into the engine. This allows the correct air ... more

  • What is epoxy adhesive?
    Epoxies are created by polymerizing a mixture of two starting compounds, the resin and the hardener. When resin is mixed with a specified catalyst, curing is initiated. Curing is the process by which molecular chains react at chemically active sites, resulting in an exothermic reaction. Covalent bonds between the epoxide groups of the resin and the amine groups of the hardener (catalyst) that arise from this combination afford for the cross-linkage of the polymer, and thereby dictate the rigidity and strength of the epoxy. Epoxy adhesives adhere to a wide variety of materials, and their ... more

  • What is adblue urea solution?
    Adblue urea or diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) is an aqueous urea solution made from urea, water and other chemical. It is standardised as AUS 32 (aqueous urea solution) in ISO 22241. Adblue urea is used as a consumable in selective catalytic reduction (SCR) in order to lower NOx concentration in the diesel exhaust emissions from diesel engines. The German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) registered the trademark AdBlue for AUS 32. SCR systems are sensitive to potential chemical impurities in ... more

  • Adhesive types
    Adhesives, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation. Adjectives may be used in conjunction with the word "adhesive" to describe properties based on the substance's physical or chemical form, the type of materials joined, or conditions under which it is applied. The use of adhesives offers many advantages over binding techniques such as sewing, mechanical fastening, thermal bonding, etc. These include ... more

  • silicon sealant
    Silicone sealants are based on silicone polymers and cure to form a tough flexible rubber suitable for both household and industrial applications. The three main types of silicone sealant are; acetoxy cure which are acetic acid curing recognised by their vinegar like smell, alcoxy cure and oxime cure both of which are neutral curing. Acetoxy cure are most commonly used for internal applications whereas the neutral curing silicones are used externally due to their superior adhesion and weatherproofing properties. In addition neutral curing silicones are used on surfaces sensitive to acetic ... more

  • activated bleach clay
    Activated bleach clay is any clay material that has the capability to decolorize oil or other liquids without chemical treatment. Fuller's earth typically consists of palygorskite (attapulgite) or bentonite. Modern uses of fuller's earth include absorbents for oil, grease, and animal waste (cat litter) and as a carrier for pesticides and fertilizers. Minor uses include filtering, clarifying, and decolorizing; active and inactive ingredient in beauty products; and as a filler in paint, plaster, adhesives, and pharmaceuticals. Uses: In addition to its ... more

  • Paint remover
    Paint stripper, or paint remover, is a product designed to remove paint and other finishes and also to clean the underlying surface. The removal of paint containing lead may lead to lead poisoning and is regulated in the United States. Other paint removal methods involve mechanical (scraping or sanding) or heat (hot air, radiant heat, or steam). A material safety data sheet will provide more safety information than on the product label paint remover classsified into: Caustic paint removers, typically sodium hydroxide (also known as lye ... more

  • Acetone
    Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. It is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, and is the simplest and smallest ketone. Acetone is miscible with water and serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically for cleaning purposes in laboratories. Thinners and solvents manufacturing process can be made easily using economic, regular raw materials and chemicals,  just you need to buy the formulas online from buyformula.net for producing and manufacturing thinners  at this link. These formulas are ... more

  • Turpentine oil
    Turpentine is used for thinning oil based paints, for producing varnishes, and as a raw material for the chemical industry. Its industrial use as a solvent in industrialized nations has largely been replaced by the much cheaper turpentine substitutes distilled from crude oil. Turpentine oil can be made easily using economic, regular raw materials and chemicals, just you need to buy the formula online from buyformula.net for producing and manufacturing this product at this link. These formulas are recommended for small business, new projects ... more

  • Kerosene
    Kerosene is typically pale yellow or colorless and has a not-unpleasant characteristic odor. It is obtained from petroleum and is used for burning in kerosene lamps and domestic heaters or furnaces, as a fuel or fuel component for jet engines, and as a solvent for greases and insecticides. White spirits and solvents manufacturing process can be made easily using kerosen, economic regular raw materials and chemicals,  just you need to buy the formulas online from buyformula.net for producing and manufacturing thinners  at this link. These formulas are ... more

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